Advice on Renal Diets
When your kidneys no longer work properly,
waste products and fluids build up in your blood. Although kidney-dialysis
replaces the work load of your kidneys and removes these waste products,
they can build up in your body between dialysis, so it's important that
you follow a specific renal diet plan. For example, in general, it is
best to reduce your intake of certain nutrients such as phosphorous, potassium
Renal Diet Tips
- Salt should not be added to your food.
To season foods use herbs and non-salt type spices. Avoid salt substitutes,
as they are loaded with potassium.
- Include 2-3 servings of high quality protein
foods daily (lean meat, fish, poultry and eggs). One serving is 3 ounces.
Limit to a total of 8 ounces daily. Avoid processed cheeses and salted,
canned and cured meats (Spam). Regular tuna can be used if washed under
running water for 2 minutes to reduce the sodium.
- Limit milk, yogurt, ice cream or sherbet
to just one 1/2 cup serving a day. Nondairy creamers such as Coffee
Rich® or Mocha Mix® (up to one cup per day) can be used in addition
- Avoid nuts, peanut butter, dried beans,
seeds and lentils. These foods are high in potassium and phosphorus
and they make more waste products in your blood.
- Choose no more than 3 fruit servings each
day. One serving is 1/2 cup or 1 medium fresh fruit. Choose from the
list of low potassium fruits.
- Limit vegetables to 2 servings each day.
One serving is 1/2 cup cooked or 1 cup tossed salad. Use the low potassium
- Bread, tortillas and no-salt-added type
crackers can be used in moderation. Stay away from the salty snack foods
such as pretzels and chips. Avoid bran cereals: they are high in potassium.
Cream of wheat, oatmeal and plain dry cereals can be used.
- Regular margarine, mayonnaise, and oils
for cooking can be used liberally. Unless you are diabetic, use sugar,
honey and syrup for added energy and calories.
- Limit fluids to 6 cups or 48 ounces per
day (8 ounces = 1 cup). Fluids such as water, coffee, tea, lemonade,
carbonated beverages and cranberry juice are okay to use - just watch
your limit! Foods that melt at room temperature such as ice, ice cream
and jello also need to be counted as fluid.
Advice on Diets
Special diets or diet plans with special
diet foods are sometimes needed for particular health conditions. Ask
your doctor, dietitian or nutritionist about your personal dietary needs.
Otherwise, a balanced diet program containing foods from all the nutritional
food groups is best.