and Energy in Sugar and Sweeteners
Food Nutrition in Sugar and Sweeteners
Sugars are one of the main types of high-energy carbohydrates. During digestion, these sugars are rapidly broken down into glucose by digestive enzymes in the stomach and intestine, and then absorbed into the blood stream and dispersed around the body as energy for muscles and cells. Unfortunately some sugars can cause blood glucose levels to rise too fast and can lead to food cravings, lethargy and appetite swings. Sugar does not provide any vitamins, minerals or fiber except in the tiniest amounts and thus is considered by nutritionists to be an 'empty' calorie food. Artificial sweeteners are divided into 2 basic categories: some (nutritive sweeteners) have a small calorie content, while others (non-nutritive sweeteners) contain zero calories. Sweeteners are typically 200-400 times sweeter than sugar, so while they have a lower caloric value, they may encourage a sweet tooth. In addition despite reassurances from the FDA, some nutritionists still harbor doubts as to the long-term health risks associated with artificial sweeteners.
Energy in Sugar And Sweeteners
White sugar, glucose or fructose (1 tsp) contain 15 calories. NutraSweet (1 tsp) contains 2 calories, Stevia (1 pkt) contains zero calories as does Sweet N' Low (1 pkt).
Nutrients in Sugar
Sugar contains 100 percent carbohydrate.
Vitamins in Sugar
Sugar contains no Vitamins.
Minerals in Sugar
Sugar contains no minerals or trace elements.
Glycemic Index (GI) Value For Sugar
Glucose has a GI value of 100, while table sugar (sucrose) has a GI value of about 65.
Most Nutritious Types of Sugar
Sugar is a non-nutritious food. Molasses, made from the residue of the sugar refining process, are probably the healthiest type of sugar, due to their extra mineral content.
Nutrition in Types of Sugar
Sugar Substitutes and Diabetic Sugars
Weight Control, Exercise and Nutrition
Some people who want to lose weight make the mistake of focusing exclusively on calorie-intake and counting calories. Although keeping track of energy intake is vital, energy expenditure is also important. So too is diet nutrition, because when we maintain a healthy body and metabolism, we burn calories faster. In short, if you want to lose weight, make sure you eat a healthy diet in order to obtain all your necessary nutrients.
Dietary Calories In Types of Food